The Bill of Rights - 13th Amendment
"Neither slavery nor involuntary
servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall
have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any
place subject to their jurisdiction."
Directions to Students:
In a cohesive paper or presentation, you will:
• Identify a problem and a policy or law that attempts to solve it.
• Explain one way the policy or law attempts to solve the problem and explain one way the policy or law is enforced.
• Identify individuals and/or groups who participated in the policy or law-making process.
• Explain three or more ways in which individuals and/or groups participated in the law-making process.
Provide reasons for agreeing or disagreeing with the law or policy by
explaining how the law or policy does or does not promote two rights or
democratic ideals with one supporting detail for each.
• List three sources including the title, author, type of source, and date of each source.
Possible Essential Questions: Choose One
- Why did early American founders
argue that individuals
needed a Bill of Rights to protect them from government?
- How did the Bill of Rights affect the rights of slaves?
- Why was the thirteenth amendment created?
Do you need additional
information? Use these words and phrases to search Nettrekker, Proquest Magazine Index, E-Library, an online
library catalog, print
encyclopedias or the World Wide Web:
- Bill of Rights
- Rule vs. Law
- Democratic ideals, Democracy
- Citizen, Citizenship
- Sojourner Truth
- Clara Barton
- Abraham Lincoln
- Dread Scott
- Levi Coffin
- John Brower
- Harriet Tubman
- Harriet Beecher Stowe
- Frederick Douglass
- Stephen Douglas
- National Archives
site includes primary and secondary sources including images and
documents. The above image comes from this site. Note: The address
given is for images. Click here to go to the home page and search for additional documents including the Declaration of Independence.
- National Archives: The Charters of Freedom
http://www.archives.gov/national-archives-experience/charters/bill_of_rights.html Scroll down to “A Voice of Dissent: George Mason” to learn about his
influence on the addition of the amendments to the constitution.
- Our Documents http://www.ourdocuments.gov/index.php?flash=true& Flash movies of primary source documents. Beautiful!
- Library of Congress: American Memory http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/browse/ListSome.php?category=African%20American%20History Page includes links to several well know African Americans and their stories.
- Valley of the Shadow http://valley.vcdh.virginia.edu The
Valley of the Shadow is a digital archive of primary sources that
document the lives of people in Augusta County, Virginia, and Franklin
County, Pennsylvania, during the era of the American Civil War. Here
you may explore thousands of original documents that allow you to see
what life was like during the Civil War for the men and women of
Augusta and Franklin.
Bill of Rights
- http://www.archives.gov/exhibits/charters/charters.html This
site contains a complete transcription of The Bill of Rights, along
with zoomable graphics of the original handwritten text. Also includes
information about the historical context of the document, links to more
constitutional amendments, and much more. Wonderful site!
http://ap.grolier.com/article?assetid=a2002810-h&templatename=/article/article.htmlGrolier presents an
encyclopedia article about the Bill of Rights that includes its history
this site from Congress for Kids you can read a brief synopsis of the
Bill of Rights and then complete the matching quiz by clicking on the
link at the bottom. Be sure to visit the other links by visiting the
section titled "learn more" at the bottom of the page!
site is a detailed lesson to help students gain a better understanding
of the Bill of Rights. After reading and analyzing the amendments,
students will choose one and write a letter to a friend explaining that
- Scholastic Online Constitutional Rights http://teacher.scholastic.com/researchtools/articlearchives/civics/resource.htm#constit Catchy and kid-friendly overview of the history of the Bill of Rights.
Especially useful are the following links: The Bill of Rights: An
Overview, Explaining the Bill of Rights, and Bill of Rights
- All About American
http://www.pbs.org/standarddeviantstv/transcript_amergov.html Click on
Bill of Rights to read a simplified version of this document. This
website also speaks to the history of America’s system of government.
- America’s Story
from America’s Libraryhttp://www.americaslibrary.gov/cgi-bin/page.cgi/jb/nation/bofright_1 Interactive website written for kids. Tells who wrote and influenced
the bill of rights, what was left out and had to be fought for later
(minority and women’s rights)
- Archiving Early
America http://www.earlyamerica.com/earlyamerica/freedom/bill/ Briefly
tells why the amendments were proposed and a few key players in
promoting the Bill of Rights.National Constitution Center Help restore the Constitution in this online interactive game.
- Ben's Guide to U.S. Government for Kids When the Constitution was ratified in
1789, many people were concerned that it did not protect certain freedoms.
They thought that the Constitution should be changed or amended to protect
these freedoms. On December 15, 1791, ten amendments were added to the
Constitution. These amendments guarantee certain freedoms and rights,
so they are known as the Bill of Rights.
If you want to browse the
shelves in the library to locate information about the Constitution the Bill of Rights or U.S. Laws, look for these numbers:
- 306.3, 326 - Slavery
- 342, 342.73 - Constitution, Bill of Rights, U.S. Law
- 973 - U.S. History
- B, 921 - Biography
13th Amendment: These titles contain significant mention of the 13th Amendment even if that is not the focus of the title.
||Cefrey, Holly. - The United States
Constitution and early state constitutions : law and order in the new
nation and states. Rosen Central Primary Source,
2004., RL 5.8, 32p
Explains how the United States Constitution came
to be, including events leading up to the Constitutional Convention,
and explores how the Constitution changed the way the United States was
||Pendergast, Tom. - Constitutional amendments :
from freedom of speech to flag burning. UXL,
c2001., RL 8.9
Contains entries that examine each of the
twenty-seven amendments to the Constitution of the United States,
examining the background of each amendment, ratification facts, and
related court cases; and includes a look at amendments that were not
ratified, as well as a general discussion of the amendment process.[Multi-Volume Set]
|973.7 FRE or B LIN
||Freedman, Russell. - Lincoln : a photobiography.
Clarion Books, c1987., RL 7.4,
Photographs and text trace the life of the Civil War President.
RC: 6.5 8 Lexile: 1110
973.7 LIN or B LIN
|Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865. - The Gettysburg
address : and the Thirteenth Amendment to the Constitution of the
Unites States of America. Welcome Books, 2007., RL 4.4
illustrates Abraham Lincoln's famous Gettysburg Address line-by-line,
and includes quotations from Lincoln and such figures as Walt Whitman,
Carl Sandburg, and Ralph Waldo Emerson.
|973.7 Lin or B LIN
||Otfinoski, Steven. - Abraham Lincoln :
America's 16th president. Children's Press, 2004.,
RL 6.5, 110p
A biography of the sixteenth President of the United States.
RC: 7.4 6 Lexile: 1030
|973.7 SCH or B Lin
||Schott, Jane A., 1946- - Abraham Lincoln. Lerner, c2002., RL 5.2, 48p
and easy-to-follow text introduce young readers to the life of Abraham
Lincoln, including information on his strange habits, his presidency,
and his personal and professional achievements.
RC: 4.3 3 Lexile: 770
McKissack, Pat, 1944-. Frederick Douglass : leader against slavery. Rev. ed. Berkeley Heights, NJ : Enslow Pub., c2002.
Simple text and illustrations describe the life and accomplishments of famous abolitionist Frederick Douglass.
Yates, Elizabeth. Amos Fortune, free man. New York : Dutton, c1950.
life of the eighteenth-century African prince who, after being captured
by slave traders, was brought to Massachusetts where he was a slave
until he was able to buy his freedom at the age of sixty.
Ferris, Jeri. Walking the road to freedom : a story about Sojourner Truth. Minneapolis : Carolrhoda, 1988.
Traces the life of the African-American woman orator who spoke out against slavery throughout New England and the Midwest.
McKissack, Pat, 1944-. Sojourner Truth : a voice for freedom. Rev. ed. Berkeley Heights, NJ : Enslow, c2002.
lie. Never steal. Trust in God -- A slave no more -- From Belle to
Sojourner -- Sojourner tells the truth -- Freedom! -- Words to know.
Describes the life of the anti-slavery and women's rights activist,
from her beginning in slavery to her tireless campaign for the rights
and welfare of the freedmen.
Schroeder, Alan. Minty : a story of young Harriet Tubman. New York : Puffin Books, 2000, c1996.
Young Harriet Tubman, whose childhood name was Minty, dreams of escaping slavery on the Brodas plantation in the late 1820s.
McKissack, Pat, 1944-. Booker T. Washington : leader and educator. Rev. ed. Berkeley Heights, NJ : Enslow, c2001.
slavery to freedom -- From Malden to Hampton -- From Hampton to
Tuskegee -- The Tuskegee dream -- From poverty to fame. A biography of
the former slave who founded Tuskegee University and later became one
of the most powerful African-American leaders of the post-Civil War era.
Gregson, Susan R. Phillis Wheatley. Mankato, Minn. : Bridgestone Books, c2002.
the life of Phillis Wheatley, the first African-American woman to
publish a book, discussing her early life as a slave in Boston in the
1700s, the education and kind treatment she received from her owners,
her experiences after being granted her freedom, and her later years.
Lemke, Donald B. The brave escape of Ellen and William Craft. Mankato, Minn. : Capstone Press, c2006.
a short history of the brave escape by slaves Ellen and William Craft
in 1848, written in graphic novel format, and focuses on how the
light-skinned Ellen disguised herself as a white slave owner while
William posed as her slave in order to flee bondage in Georgia.
Adler, David A. Enemies of slavery. 1st ed. New York : Holiday House, c2004.
fourteen American men and women who fought against slavery in the
nineteenth century, including Frederick Douglass, Harriet Tubman,
Elijah Lovejoy, and Lucretia Mott.
Nichols, Catherine. African American culture. Vero Beach, Fla. : Rourke, c2006.
works of art from African-American history, discussing what they say
about African-American life, culture, and politics during the era of
slavery, after emancipation, and throughout the twentieth century.
Rappaport, Doreen. Freedom river. 1st ed. New York : Jump at the Sun/Hyperion Books for Children, c2000.
an incident in the life of John Parker, an ex-slave who became a
successful businessman in Ripley, Ohio, and who repeatedly risked his
life to help other slaves escape to freedom.
Burgan, Michael. Nat Turner's slave rebellion. Mankato, Minn. : Capstone Press, c2006.
an account of the slave rebellion of 1831 led by Virginia slave Nat
Turner, and tells how the uprising was quelled by the militia and
Turner later tried and hanged. Presented in graphic novel form.
Hopkinson, Deborah. From slave to soldier : based on a true Civil War story. 1st ed. New York : Atheneum Books for Young Readers, c2005.
boy who hates being a slave joins the Union Army to fight for freedom,
and proves himself brave and capable of handling a mule team when the
Hopkinson, Deborah. Sweet Clara and the freedom quilt. 1st Dragonfly Books ed. New York : Dragonfly Books :, 1995, c1993.
A young slave stitches a quilt with a map pattern which guides her to freedom in the North.
Levine, Ellen. Henry's freedom box. 1st ed. New York : Scholastic Press, 2007.
fictionalized account of how in 1849 a Virginia slave, Henry "Box"
Brown, escapes to freedom by shipping himself in a wooden crate from
Richmond to Philadelphia.
Stroud, Bettye, 1938-. The patchwork path : a quilt map to freedom. 1st ed. Cambridge, MA : Candlewick Press, 2005.
her father leads her toward Canada and away from the plantation where
they have been slaves, a young girl thinks of the quilt her mother used
to teach her a code that will help guide them to freedom.
Weatherford, Carole Boston. Moses : when Harriet Tubman led her people to freedom. 1st ed. New York : Jump at the Sun/Hyperion Books for Children, c2006.
fictionalized account of Harriet Tubman's escape from slavery for
freedom in Philadelphia, where she turns her talents to leading others
along the Underground Railroad.
Winter, Jeanette. Follow the drinking gourd. 1st Dragonfly Books ed. New York : Knopf :, 1992, c1988.
slaves journey north along the Underground Railroad to freedom in
Canada, following the directions in a song taught to them by one of the
Railroad's conductors, an old sailor named Peg Leg Joe. Based on real
events. Includes the song's music and lyrics.
Wright, Courtni Crump. Journey to freedom : a story of the underground railroad. 1st ed. New York : Holiday House, c1994.
Joshua and his family, runaway slaves from a tobacco plantation in Kentucky, follow the Underground Railroad to freedom.
Clark, Margaret Goff. Freedom crossing. New York : Scholastic, c1980.
Laura returns to her home in New York after living with her aunt and
uncle in Virginia for four years, she discovers that her father and
brother are helping runaway slaves escape to Canada.
Collier, James Lincoln, 1928-. War comes to Willy Freeman. New York : Dell, 1987, c1983.
free thirteen-year-old black girl in Connecticut is caught up in the
horror of the Revolutionary War and the danger of being returned to
slavery when her patriot father is killed by the British and her mother
Deutsch, Stacia. Lincoln's legacy. 1st Aladdin Paperbacks ed. New York : Aladdin Paperacks, 2005.
and her friends travel to the past on an urgent mission when their
time-traveling teacher returns from the mid-nineteenth century to
report that President Abraham Lincoln is thinking about quitting,
leaving the issue of slavery unresolved.
Hamilton, Virginia, 1936-2002. The house of Dies Drear. Aladdin Paperbacks ed. New York : Aladdin Paperbacks, 2006, c1996.
Small and his family move into an old house that was once used as part
of the Underground Railroad and soon realize that the house, where two
fugitive slaves and Dies Drear himself had been killed by bounty
hunters, continues to hold many secrets.
Hansen, Joyce. I thought my soul would rise and fly : the diary of Patsy, a freed girl. New York : Scholastic, c1997.
Patsy keeps a diary of the ripe but confusing time following the end of
the Civil War and the granting of freedom to former slaves.
Twelve-year-old Patsy keeps a diary of the exciting but confusing time
following the end of the Civil War and the granting of freedom to
Hesse, Karen. A light in the storm : the Civil War diary of Amelia Martin. 1st ed. New York : Scholastic, 1999.
1860 and 1861, while working in her father's lighthouse on an island
off the coast of Delaware, fifteen-year-old Amelia records in her diary
how the Civil War is beginning to devastate her divided state.
Lester, Julius. Day of tears : a novel in dialogue. 1st ed. New York : Jump at the Sun/Hyperion Books for Children, c2005.
an historical fiction written in first-person format that follows Emma,
the slave of Pierce Butler, through a series of events in her life as
her master hosts the largest slave auction in American history in
Savannah, Georgia in 1859 in order to pay off his mounting gambling
Levitin, Sonia, 1934-. Dream freedom. 1st ed. San Diego : Harcourt, c2000.
and his classmates learn about the terrible problem of slavery in
present-day Sudan and raise money to help buy the freedom of some of
the slaves. Alternate chapters tell the stories of the slaves.
Lyons, Mary E. Dear Ellen Bee : a Civil War scrapbook of two Union spies. 1st ed. New York : Atheneum Books for Young Readers, c2000.
scrapbook kept by a young black girl details her experiences and those
of the older white woman, "Miss Bet," who had freed her and her family,
sent her north from Richmond to get an education, and then worked to
bring an end to slavery. Based on the life of Elizabeth Van Lew.
McGill, Alice. Miles' song. Boston : Houghton Mifflin, 2000.
1851 in South Carolina, Miles, a twelve-year-old slave, is sent to a
"breaking ground" to have his spirit broken but endures the experience
by secretly taking reading lessons from another slave.
McKissack, Pat, 1944-. A picture of freedom : the diary of Clotee, a slave girl. Reinforced library ed. New York : Scholastic, 2003, c1997.
1859, twelve-year-old Clotee, a house slave who must conceal the fact
that she can read and write, records in her diary her experiences and
her struggle to decide whether to escape to freedom.
Paulsen, Gary. Nightjohn. New York : Bantam Doubleday Dell Books for Young Readers, , c1993.
Sarny's brutal life as a slave becomes even more dangerous when a newly
arrived slave offers to teach her how to read.
Pearsall, Shelley. Trouble don't last. New York : Dell Yearling, , c2002.
an eleven-year-old Kentucky slave, and Harrison, the elderly slave who
helped raise him, attempt to escape to Canada via the Underground
Pinkney, Andrea Davis. Silent thunder : a Civil War story. 1st Hyperion pbk. ed. New York : Jump at the Sun/Hyperion Paperbacks for Children, 2001, c1999.
1862 eleven-year-old Summer and her thirteen-year-old brother Rosco
take turns describing how life on the quiet Virginia plantation where
they are slaves is affected by the Civil War.
Porter, Connie Rose, 1959-. Meet Addy : an American girl. Middleton, WI : Pleasant Co., c1998.
1864, after her father and brother are sold to another owner,
nine-year-old Addy Walker and her mother escape from their cruel life
as slaves in North Carolina to freedom in Philadelphia.
Rinaldi, Ann. Numbering all the bones. 1st Jump at the Sun pbk. ed. New York : Hyperion Paperbacks for Children, 2005, c2002.
Eulinda, a house slave on a Georgia plantation in 1864, turns to Clara
Barton, the eventual founder of the American Red Cross, for help in
finding her brother Neddy who ran away to join the Northern war effort
and is rumored to be at Andersonville Prison.
Ruby, Lois. Steal away home. 1st Aladdin Paperbacks ed. New York : Aladdin Paperbacks, 1999, c1994.
two parallel stories, a Quaker family in Kansas in the late 1850s
operates a station on the Underground Railroad, while almost 150 years
later twelve-year-old Dana moves into the same house and finds the
skeleton of a black woman who helped the Quakers.
Schmidt, Gary D. Lizzie Bright and the Buckminster boy. New York : Yearling Book, , c2004.
1911, Turner Buckminster hates his new home of Phippsburg, Maine, but
things improve when he meets Lizzie Bright Griffin, a girl from a poor,
nearby island community founded by former slaves that the town
fathers--and Turner's--want to change into a tourist spot.
Stolz, Mary, 1920-2006. A ballad of the Civil War. 1st Harper Trophy ed. New York : HarperTrophy, 1998, c1997.
of the war, a Union lieutenant recalls his life with his twin brother
on their family's Virginia plantation and the events that led them to
fight on different sides in the Civil War.
Woodruff, Elvira. Dear Austin : letters from the Underground Railroad. 1st Yearling ed. New York : Dell Yearling, 2000, c1998.
1853, in letters to his older brother, eleven-year-old Levi describes
his adventures in the Pennsylvania countryside with his
African-American friend Jupiter and his experiences with the
Woods, Brenda (Brenda A.). My name is Sally Little Song. New York : G.P. Putnam's Sons, c2006.
their owner plans to sell one of them in 1802, twelve-year-old Sally
and her family run away from their Georgia plantation to look for both
freedom from slavery and a home in Florida with the Seminole Indians.
Wyeth, Sharon Dennis. Freedom's wings. 1st pbk. ed. New York : Scholastic, 2002, c2001.
A nine-year-old slave keeps a diary of his journey to freedom along the Underground Railroad in 1857.
1.1.2. Evaluates the effectiveness of a law or policy by explaining how it promotes ideals.
1.2.2. Understands how and why state and tribal governments make, interpret, and carry out rules and laws.
5.4.2. Prepares a list of resources including the title, author, type of source, date published, and publisher for each source.
Page prepared by Trish Henry and Kris Dinnison